15 July 2016

Raleigh Super Tourer: It Didn't Sell In 1974. But Everyone Wanted One In 2014.

A few days ago, I recounted a chance meeting with a fellow named George in Greenwich.  He complimented Arielle, my Mercian Audax, and showed me photos of his very nice Raleigh Competition GS, on which he converted the drop bars to uprights and made a couple of other changes.

George's 1978 Raleigh Competition GS

His "conversion" is nothing unusual these days (except that his is nicer than most):  Lots of people are taking nice (and sometimes not-so-nice) vintage ten-speeds and turning them into city or country bikes, upright tourers or stylish commuters.

In a comment on my post, George said he was trying to replicate a Raleigh Super Tourer.  It's a bike one rarely finds:  I've seen only  four or five of them.  And I don't recall seeing one on eBay, Craigslist or any of the sites that list used and vintage bikes.  (Then again, I check those sites only occasionally.  Really! ;-))

One reason why it's so rare is that not many were made--at least, in comparison to other Raleigh bikes. As best as I can determine, it was made during four model years:  1974 through 1977.  Another reason is that not many Super Tourers were exported to the US, and even fewer sold.  The few American shops that ordered Super Tourers, as often as not, got "stuck" with them for years.  I would suspect that more than one Super Tourer owner came by his or her steed the way George encountered his Competition GS:  A bike shop had it in the back room (or on the showroom floor) a few years after production ceased.

This parallel between George's experience and the possible scenario I have envisioned is not coincidental:  In essence, the Super Tourer and the Competition (the original as well as the GS) were the same bike.  Well, more or less, just about, anyway.  

Raleigh Super Tourer, ten-speed version 1975

Both iterations of the Competition and the Super Tourer had frames constructed of double-butted Reynolds 531 tubing with quality lugs and dropouts.  As a matter of fact, the original competition and the Super Tourer even had the same geometry.

Much of the componentry was the same: mainly high-end French stuff.  The pre-GS Competition had Normandy "Luxe" hubs and Huret Jubliee derailleurs; so did the Super Tourer.  The short-cage Jubilee--which came on both bikes--shared an interesting trait with other European derailleurs of the time:  It could wrap up miles and miles of chain, even though it wasn't made to handle a rear cog larger than 26 or 28 teeth (depending on your dropout's configuration).  Thus, it could handle triple and wide-range double front chainrings. That is one reason it was often used on randonneuses from the constructeurs.

1974 Super Tourer, 5-speed version (saddle not original)

The Specialites TA three-arm crank graced the pre-GS Competition. Interestingly, the first GS version had the three-arm Campagnolo Gran Sport crankset--with a chainguard! 

Now here's where things started to get weird:  The Super Tourer was made in ten- and five-speed versions.  The ten-speed had what seemed to be a triple version of the Stronglight 93 crankset, with a guard (very pretty, actually) where the outer chainring would have been. The five-speed sported a Specialites TA "Criterium" chainset:  essentially, a a Pro-Vis 5 (a.k.a. Cyclotouriste) with one chainring, and a chainguard..  

For some more weirdness, the Competition GS came with Weinmann "Vainqueur" centerpull brakes while the first year's production of the Super Tourer had Weinmann's short-lived "Dynamic" brakes--sidepulls.  In those days, sidepull brakes came only on bikes at the very top and bottom of the price spectrum; almost everything in between came with Weinmann, Mafac, Dia Compe or Universal center-pulls. The high-end sidepulls like Campagnolo's were ridden mostly by racers.  Most cyclists never saw them:  The only sidepulls they saw were the lower-end models found on cheaper bikes. As an example, the Schwinn Continental was equipped with centerpulls, but the Varsity came with sidepulls. 

So, some people assumed the Competition was a "better" bike because it had centerpulls.  Or, if they knew how good the Super Tourer frame was, they wondered what sidepulls were doing on it.  Unfortunately, they had good reason to wonder--about those sidepulls, anyway.   A few years earlier, Altenberger made the "Synchron", an early version of dual-pivot brakes.  Like most of the company's offerings, it was cheap and crudely finished, intended for lower-end bikes.  Weinmann tried to clean it up a bit. The stopping power was OK, at least in the beginning, and with the levers that came with the Super Tourer. But, in time, the pivots worked loose and, as we used to joke, the Dynamic would devolve into a brake with the worst features of centerpulls and sidepulls.

(And you thought Shimano invented dual-pivot brakes in the early 1990s!)

The Super Tourer also suffered because of another notion novice American cyclists developed during the Bike Boom.  It's a notion I admit I had for a long time:  A "serious" bike had dropped handlebars and a narrow saddle--usually leather Brooks or Ideale, though Italian-style plastic-and-foam saddles were starting to make their appearance.  Shift levers were mounted on the down tube, and such a bike didn't have fenders.

You guessed it:  the Super Tourer had fenders.  The ten-speed version had some pretty neat-looking Bluemels Classiques, which were black plastic with a ribbed chrome stripe down the middle, a white mud flap on the front and a white-framed reflector on the rear.  The five-speed sported silver plastic fenders--which, I believe, were also Bluemels Classiques.  

Fenders?  Fenders!  And upright handlebars.  (I think they were North Road, or some similar bend, from GB.)  And...and...stem shifters!!

Oh...and the first year's production of Super Tourers (the ones with the Synchron brakes) came with mattress saddles. Yes, you read that right:  a seat even thicker than one of Dagwood's sandwiches--with springs!  Vertical springs!  Horizontal springs!  And bag loops that looked like they could carry the biggest offerings from Carradice, Karrimor, Chossy and all of the other classic cycle luggage makers, all at once.

In 1975, the Brooks B66 replaced the mattress saddle.  It had springs but at least it was a...Brooks.  Tensioned leather.  But the bike still had those bars.  And fenders!

You simply couldn't show up on a club ride, let alone ride in a pack of wannabe racers, in the mid-1970's with a bike like that unless you were 90 years old and accompanied by your grandparents--even if that bike had a hand-brazed Reynolds 531 frame, Huret Jubilee derailleurs, Stronglight or TA cranks, etc.   You could just as well have shown up in a petticoat or a chain of mail.

I actually prefer this brown finish--with silver "sable" panels and headtube--of the five-speed model to the green on the ten-speed version!

Now, you're thinking that it's very, very ironic that George and other people are turning classic road machines into bikes like the Super Tourer--forty years after you could have bought such a bike, stock, off a showroom floor--or asked a Raleigh dealer to order it for you.  (Vera, my green Mercian mixte, is really just a female version of such a bike--which is what I wanted it to be.)   Perhaps it's even more ironic that there are new bikes that are, at least conceptually, modern versions of the Super Tourer.  (One could argue that some  Rivendell and Velo Orange bikes are, at least to some degree, updated versions of the Super Tourer.)  A lot of people want sprightly but comfortable rides: something that's relatively quick but will allow them to ride the same clothes and shoes they wear to work or to shop, date or simply hang out.  Or, age and other things have caught up with them and they're not as flexible as they used to be--or simply have lost their pretentions to racing.

What if Raleigh were to introduce that bike today?  They wouldn't have to change much, really:  perhaps only the shifters, which would move to the handlebars from the stem, and would be indexed to accommodate contemporary derailleurs and cassettes. (I have always liked the Jubilee, but I don't imagine it would work very well with handlebar shifters or more than seven sprockets in the rear.)  And, of course, the 27" wheels and tires would have to be replaced with 700Cs.  Otherwise, Raleigh could re-introduce the bike "as is", I think.

Finally, if you think it's ironic that people are seeking out bikes like the Super Tourer--or are converting other bikes into versions of the ST--you'll appreciate (or perhaps wince at) this story.  Near my undergraduate university campus, there was a bike shop that seemed to be there for even longer than the university itself.  Its owner was ready to move to Florida, or any place with warmer winters than New Brunswick, New Jersey.  Nobody wanted to buy the shop, mainly because of its location on what was then the town's Skid Row.  So, he had to sell off his inventory, which--you guessed it--included a Sports Tourer he'd stocked several years earlier.

And, yes, he did sell it--after swapping the upright bars for dropped bars, the mattress saddle for a Brooks B17 and the Synchron brakes for Weinmann centerpulls.  And he took off the fenders.  In essence, he turned the Sport Tourer into a Competition.

Still, he took a loss on that bike.  I wonder whether the person who bought it still has it.  Wouldn't it be funny if he or she--or whoever has it now--"converted" it to an upright commuter or tourer?


  1. Great story! A classic tale of what goes around, comes around...

  2. Great story! A classic tale of what goes around, comes around...

  3. The real curse is the difficulty of getting 5 & 6 speed blocks for these bikes now that hubs are so much wider and 10 & 11 speed cassettes more the norm...

    More than 35 years ago I turned my Viscount into a commuter with the springiest Brooks saddle available, special order because they said it was for third world countries! They had not seen the roads here!

    I have turned my 70s tourer into an artwork and reluctantly ordered something with toothpaste welds to do my local run abouts, shoot me now.

  4. Jim--"What goes around, comes around." So true. The only question, apparently, is how long it will take for something to "come around".

    Coline--The reason I ride 9-speed cassettes is the relative ease in finding them. If I had my druthers, I'd ride 5 or 6 speed blocks, but it's so hard to find them now, except in the most extreme and impractical configurations. And the freewheels made now are of low quality.

    I'm guessing that the saddle you ordered is a Brooks B33. Yes, it is made for the Ho Chi Minh trail and its equivalents. As for your local errand bike: a plain frame with "toothpaste" welds makes sense, especially if you have to lock up your machine in dodgy neighborhoods.

    1. Not sure that I shall be leaving it in any dodgy neighbourhoods... My bike dealer was shocked that I ordered my "nice" bike in black with no transfers at all, to most folk it would look like a dull thing, at least that was my hope! You are quite right B33, who needs suspension?

    2. After an inordinate wait the toothpaste welded bike box arrived. I carefully opened the top of the box and lifted the contents and the box was pulled away and low and behold "the wrong bike!" Isn't the internet shopping world wonderful?

      Looking forward to my money coming back and I am saved from the shame of riding ugly frame joints... Progress, one step forwards three steps back. How has bike design degenerated so far?

    3. Coline--Oh, no! Well, let's hope that you get the bike you want!

  5. One nice thing about black bikes is that they can be plain and elegant at the same time.

  6. I have seen a couple Super Tourers on eBay over the years. They look like they would have a nice frame on them. With the right components, they still should make really nice bikes. A bargain, too.

  7. Brooks--I've seen a couple close-up, and the frames were indeed nice. They certainly are worth upgrading or customizing. (Not that the original components--except, perhaps, the Dynamic brakes on the early models--weren't good.) They're a bargain because most people don't know about them, and only an in-the-know cyclist like you would understand why they're worthwhile.

  8. In 2013, I was lucky enough to acquire a "piece of cycling history", a 1974 Super Tourer frame, which I built up in a manner much like it was originally, with French drive train components, and porteur handlebars from Velo Orange. Brakes are extra long reach Tektro calipers allowing the use of 27 inch or 700c wheels. It is the most wonderful bike I have ever owned.

  9. Karl-I am not surprised that it's your favorite ride. They were a bike that came along at the wrong time (at least in the US).

    Thanks for stopping by.

  10. I owned a Raleigh Super Tourer bought around 1975. It was a terrific bargain, "new old stock" before we used that term. Raleigh had a warehouse full of them and were offering them at blow out prices. My local bike shop owner read me like a book and told I'd like one. How right he was. As you suggest, no self-respecting club rider could show up with anything other than drop bars so my Super Tourer, a green double chainring model, didn't roll out the door until it was fitted with drop bars, downtube shifters and a Brooks Pro saddle. It was a fine bike and I greatly enjoyed riding it for several years. Another way you are right; now in my seventies, I have converted a couple of my bikes to upright bars just like the original spec for the Super Tourer. Ever seen a late '70s Colnago with upright bars?

  11. Vancouver Island--Oh, the irony! I am glad that you are still riding. I haven't seen a late '70's Colnago with upright bars, but I know I will, sooner or later: I've seen a De Rosa, a Somec and a Pinarello from that era outfitted with upright or flat (now that's a crime) bars.

    Also, before it was "cool" to have such a setup, the founder of Conrad's Bicycle Shop in New York used to ride a Cinelli with mixte bars and a small rack (which you almost never saw in those days) adorned with a custom-made leather tobacco pouch.

  12. I own the 1974 chartreuse 10 speed super tourer. With the exception of the handlebars, a nice Brooks saddle,and mavic rims,everything is original. I even have the original fenders. Anyone care to guess the dollar value of this bike in todays market? I cant find any info on its worth

  13. Austin--You really have a classic. And, if I owned one of those bikes, the changes you made are exactly the ones I would make.

    The original Bluemels Classique fenders? Now that's something!

  14. The bike is halfway between the gran sport (531 db main tubes with bocama lugs) and a competition (sloping crown fork and huret forged dropouts). I have a green one, 1974.

  15. Replies
    1. I have a 74 super tourer 5speed all original in mint condition 815-446-1752

  16. I have an all original 1974 super tourer in mint condition brown and silver. If u want pics it's for sale no cracks in the seat and the pump works 815-446-1752

  17. Really nice story! I have this bike in brown and silver, and it's been my working bike. Bought it in about 1983, used, with drop handlebars and a brooks saddle on it. The paint is scratched up, but I'm planning to get it restored, at least the frame. No upright bars or padded seat for me, though.

  18. David--Send some photos, will ya'?

  19. I'm happy to! Its well-ridden. I decided long ago that making it look ratty would make it less theft-prone. I've overhauled it several times, and rides really well despite appearances. One regret is that I had it drilled for water bottles--hope that wasn't too damaging. I'm glad I didn't do more to it. I put C-record hubs on it, plus bargain Shimano brakes (think the Weinmann side pulls broke). Crank and rear derailleur are as I bought it, as a used bike. Here are the photos:

    1. I got ahead of myself technologically, as I do sometimes. This should show the photos properly: http://link.lakeforest.edu/dlbike

  20. David--For some reason, that link isn't working for me. If you'd like, you can send the photos to me at justineisadream@gmail.com.

  21. I bought a "new old stock" 10 speed (green) Super Tourer in about 1980. As mentioned on the article a dealer in St. Louis MO got "stuck with it". We haggled over the bones. I gave him the mattress saddle, fenders, bars and levers. He threw in new tires and tubes. I had some braze-ons added, stripped and painted the frame to my liking then outfitted it for long distance touring. It is the most responsive, comfortable touring bike I ever threw my leg over. Now retired and almost 70, I plan to overhaul it again and work myself up to a week-long tour.

  22. Anon--It seems like half of the Super Tourers ridden today were acquired from dealers who "got stuck" with them. I'm glad you found yours and it's given you so much pleasure!